Filtration

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - Wine Bottles - Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEAAs production facilities managers can attest, global wine production and consumption continue to flourish. Record production levels of 293 million hectolitre were reached during 2018. Europe continues to dominate wine production with Italy, France and Spain accounting for approximately 51 percent of global production. This puts additional stress on operations for plant managers.

Precise process cooling is one of the most critical requirements in modern winemaking. The application of cooling during several production steps facilitates high volume production whilst maintaining the unique flavour profile of the final product. Temperature control is also an important factor in wine preservation where consistent quality is required to allow distribution of the product to the global market. Hyperchill and Hyperchill Plus chillers offer a robust and cost-effective solution ideally suited to the exacting cooling demands of the wine industry.

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - View the Interactive- Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEAFor more information on the importance of accurate temperature control in wine processing, view our interactive.

 

 

 

 


Precision cooling during wine production

Winemaking has been around for thousands of years. Many traditional and modern techniques are employed to produce the vast array of wine products found in the market place. There are different approaches required to produce red, white and sparkling wines.

In general, wine production can be split into 5 steps:

  • Harvesting
  • Crushing or pressing 
  • Fermentation
  • Clarification
  • Aging
  • Bottling

 

The diagram below details the wine processing stages and where chilling may be applied:

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - Cooling during wine production- Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEA

 

Temperature control through precision chillers may be employed in the following wine processes:

  • Cold maceration
  • Fermentation temperature control
  • Cold stabilisation / potassium bitartrate removal
  • Chilling prior to bottling


Cold maceration

Cold maceration techniques are often employed in the production of red wines. The process is applied prior to alcoholic fermentation and can improve the extraction of taste and colour compounds from the grape skins, seeds and stems into the wine must. Wines manufactured in this way are considered to have more fruit flavours and colour intensity, in addition to reduced tartness.

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - Cold maceration - Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEA

Cold maceration can be achieved using several methods. Precision chillers, in conjunction with tubular heat exchangers or jacketed vats, are often able to deliver the required cooling capacity. Cold maceration usually occurs between 4-15°C for a period of two to seven days.


Fermentation

Temperature control of the wine must during the fermentation process is essential in the production of high-quality wines. Alcoholic fermentation is an exothermic chemical reaction in which yeast is used to transform the natural sugars into alcohol.

Optimal fermentation temperatures range between 18-20°C for white wines and 25°C for red wines. If excess heat is not removed from the process fermentation can stop, this can result in a poor taste profile with high sugar content. Additional additives such as Sulphur Dioxide are then required to prevent spoiling during storage.

Precision chillers are generally used to supply the cooling fluid to helical coils or jacket heat exchangers in the fermentation vessel. The diagram below depicts a typical set-up:

 

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - Fermentation - Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEA


Cold stabilisation / potassium bitartrate removal

At low temperatures, a natural component called potassium bitartrate can crystallise out of the wine and leave sediment in the bottle. The crystals are considered an undesirable component in high-quality products.

Cold stabilisation is often practised prior to bottling to remove excess potassium bitartrate. The wine is chilled close to freezing point and held at this temperature for up to 48 hours. The low temperatures cause the potassium bitartrate to precipitate out of the solution where it can be filtered off before bottling.

The diagram below shows a typical set up for tartrate precipitation:

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - tartrate precipitation - Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEA


Why Parker chillers?

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - Hyperchill Hyperchill Plus Process Chillers - ParkerHyperchill and Hyperchill Plus chillers deliver safe and reliable operation under varied working conditions that can meet the challenges found in the wine industry.

Key features and benefits for the industry are as follows:

  • Configuration of a generously sized water tank coupled with an oversized condenser/evaporator allows the chiller to maintain cooling capacity even during rapid load and water temperature changes.
  • High reliability with energy management to reduce the total cost of ownership.
  • Stainless steel panel and high IP rating enable ease of operation in wet and humid production environments.

 

Chillers Provide Accurate Temperature Control During Wine Processing - View the Interactive- Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEAFor more information on the importance of accurate temperature control in wine processing, view our interactive.

 

Chillers proved accurate temperature control during wine processing - Authors - Parker HannifinThis post was contributed by James Brown, compressed air and gas treatment/analytical gas sales manager and Filippo Turra, product manager, Parker Gas Separation and Filtration Division EMEA

 

 

 

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