Fluid Gas Handling

How to Choose the Right Fluid Power Hose

When you order hose from Parker Hannifin, remember S.T.A.M.P. and you won't forget any information. Before you specify your next hose for that important application, use our Size, Temperature, Application, Media, and Pressure (STAMP) steps to ensure you have the right product for the application.

How to Choose the Right Hose - Parker Hannifin

Size

Parker uses a system of measurement called Dash Numbers to indicate hose and fitting size. The Dash Number, or Dash Size, is the measure of a hose’s Inner Diameter (I.D.) in sixteenths of an inch. (The exception to this is SAE 100R5 hose. See the chart below for complete details.)

How to choose the right hose - image of hose cross section with outer cover, reinforcement and inner tube - Parker HannifinThis measuring system of the inside diameter of the hose is universally used by the fluid power industry today. Don’t know the hose size? Check the layline. If the original printing has worn off, the original hose must be cut and the inside diameter measured. Be sure to measure the overall assembly length and fitting orientation before cutting the hose. The hose I.D. must be sized accurately to obtain the proper flow velocity. A flow that’s too slow results in sluggish system performance, while a flow that’s too high causes excessive pressure drops, system damage, and leaks.

 

How to choose the right hose - Hose ID chart in inches - Transportation, Refrigerant and Standard Hoses - Parker Hannifin

Use the Flow Capacity Nomogram in Section E to determine the proper hose I.D. for your application’s flow rate requirements.

 

Temperature

When specifying hose, there are two temperatures you need to identify. One is the ambient temperature, which is the temperature that exists outside the hose where it is being used; the other is the media temperature, which is the temperature of the media conveyed through the hose. Very high or low ambient temperatures can have adverse affects on the hose cover and reinforcement materials, resulting in reduced service life.

Media temperatures can have a much greater impact on hose life. For example, rubber loses flexibility if operated at high temperatures for extended periods. Parker hoses carry different temperature ratings for different fluids.

For example, 811HT hose has a temperature range of -40°F to + 257°F (-40°C to +125°C) for petroleum-based hydraulic fluids. However for water, water/glycol, and water/oil emulsion hydraulic fluids, the range drops to a rating of up to +185°F (+ 85°C). Air is rated even lower at up to 158°F (+ 70°C).

Some media can increase or decrease the effects of temperature on the hose. The maximum rated temperature of a hose is specific to the media.

Down load the full guide to see the Minimum/ Maximum Temperature Chart in Section E for a full listing of all temperature ratings. 

 

Application

Before selecting a hose, it is important to consider how the hose assembly will be used. Answering the following questions may help:

  • What type of equipment is involved?
  • What are the environmental factors?
  • Are mechanical loads applied to the assembly?
  • Will the routing be confined?
  • What about hose fittings – permanent or field attachable?
  • Will the assembly be subjected to abrasion?

Sometimes specific applications require specific hoses. For example, applications where hoses will encounter rubbing or abrasive surfaces would best be handled by our family of abrasion-resistant hoses with both Tough and Super Tough covers. When application space is tight, bend radius is another important consideration. Parker offers a full line of hoses designed for one half SAE bend radius at full SAE-rated pressures.

How to choose the right hose - Compact hose visual showing bend radius - Parker Hannifin Our Compact™ hoses’ increased flexibility and smaller outer diameter allows faster, easier routing in small spaces, reducing both hose length and inventory requirements. Industry standards set specific requirements concerning construction type, size, tolerances, burst pressure, and impulse cycles SAE 100R2 Hose Parker 471TC Hose of hoses.

Parker hydraulic hoses meet or exceed standards such as:

  • SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers)
  • EN (European Norm)
  • DIN (Deutsche Institute fur Normung)
  • ISO (International for Standardization [see p. D-13] Organization)

Governmental agencies control additional standards for particular industries such as the United States Coast Guard and the American Bureau of Shipping. You must select a hose that meets the legal requirements as well as the functional requirements of your application.

 

How to choose the right hose - Metal to hose abrasion resistance chart - Parker Hannifin Super tough versus tough versus standard coversResults from the ISO 6945 metalto-hose abrasion test show that Tough Cover and Super Tough cover hoses offer significantly greater abrasion resistance than standard rubber cover hose. Standard Rubber Cover Super Tough (ST) Cover Tough Cover (TC) 450 Times 80 Times Levels of Abrasion Resistance Metal-to-Hose Abrasion Resistance Comparison Hose Hint A hose assembly should be routed so that the hose is not stretched, compressed, or kinked to assure maximum service life and safety. Parker offers a full line of one-half SAE bend radius hoses, such as our 471TC. 3 Hose Hint When considering the bend radius of a hose assembly, a minimum straight length of twice the hose’s outside diameter should be allowed between the hose fitting and the point at which the bend starts.

 

Media

What will the hose convey? Some applications require the use of specialized oils or chemicals. Consequently, the hose you order must be compatible with the medium being conveyed. Compatibility must cover not just the inner tube, but the cover, hose fittings, and O-rings as well. Use the Chemical Resistance Chart found in Section E to select the correct components of the hose assembly that will be compatible with your system’s media. The chart contains the chemical resistance rating of a variety

 

Pressure

When considering hose pressure, it’s important to know both the system working pressure and any surge pressures and spikes. Hose selection must be made so that the published maximum working pressure of the hose is equal to or greater than the maximum system pressure. Surge pressures or peak transient pressures in the system must be below the published maximum working pressure for the hose. Each Parker hose has a pressure rating which can be found on the Hose Overview Chart and in Section E.

All Parker hydraulic hoses have passed the industry rated specifications for burst pressure and carry a 4:1 design factor unless otherwise noted. Burst pressure ratings for hose are for manufacturing test purposes only. They are not an indication that the product can be used above the published maximum working pressure. It is for this reason that the burst pressure ratings have been removed from the hose charts within the catalog.

Care must also be taken when looking at the “weakest link” of the hose assembly. A hose assembly is rated at the maximum working pressure of the hose and the fitting component. Therefore the maximum working pressure of the hose assembly is the lesser of the rated working pressure of the hose and the end connections used.

Here is an example:

An F471TC0101040404-60" hose assembly (which consists of 471TC-4 hose and two 10143-4-4 fittings) would have a maximum working pressure of the lesser of the three components. In this case the fittings have a 12,000 psi rating. The hose has a 5,800 psi rating. Therefore the maximum pressure rating of the hose assembly would be 5,800 psi.

Pressure ratings for each Parker end connection can be found on the Pressure Rating of Hose End Connections – PSI Chart in Section E. 

Pressure spikes can occur during machine operation in an instant. They can occur so quickly in fact, that standard glycerin filled gages will never detect them. Using a pressure diagnostic system like Parker’s Senso Control can help detect how often and how drastic these pressure spikes are.

Hose, fitting and equipment guide

How to choose the right hose - Parker Hose Fitting and Equipment Catalog 4400 cover - Parker HannifinDon't rely on your memory. When you order hose and fittings from Parker, remember the word “STAMP.” That way you won’t forget any information.

S = Size

T = Temperature

A = Application

M = Media

P = Pressure

Download the complete guide for your future reference. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional resources:

Why Use Thermoplastic Hose?

Best Practices for Hose Installation and Routing Rules

How to Extend the Life of Your Surface Mining Hose

The Truth About Pressure Ratings for Hydraulic Fittings and Adapters

5 Considerations for Hydraulic Hose Replacement I No. 5 Pressure

5 Considerations for Hydraulic Hose Replacement I No. 4 Media

5 Considerations for Hydraulic Hose Replacement I No. 2 Temperature

5 Considerations for Hydraulic Hose Replacement I No. 3 Application

5 Considerations for Hydraulic Hose Replacement I No. 1 Size 

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Comments

Comments for How to Choose the Right Fluid Power Hose

Grace Turner
That is really cool that they have their own system of measurement, the Dash Numbers, to indicate hose size. That makes it a whole lot easier because you won't get confused with other sizing. Now I can chose the right size for a power hose without getting confused. Thanks for posting here about choosing the right power hose it was very helpful!
John Carston
Thank you for the detailed information you provided on hydraulic lines. I think this post has given me everything I need to know for using the correct fluid power hose. Thanks for the hydraulic advice.
Bob Lowe
Thanks for the post. I think it is super important that you know exactly which hose you need to keep your equipment operational. Nothing is worse than having a leak of some kind. It just puts a damper on the whole day. I also think you need to have the right hose fittings as well. You should never try to just get by cause that's just asking to have malfunctions.

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