Pneumatics

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Pharmaceutical Production Line - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division EuropeFor applications with space limitations or size restrictions, integrating a standard linear actuator to achieve the required force / thrust can sometimes be a challenge. However, utilising specialist constructions of linear actuators, such as Tandem and Duplex cylinders can provide a solution.

Tandem cylinders

When designing for a pneumatic application, there are times when size restrictions can limit the space available for the installation of the required linear actuator. This can potentially limit the maximum force (thrust) available, as this is relative to the air pressure working on the piston area governed by the cylinder bore size. 

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Parker Tandem Cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division EuropeOne method to overcome this issue is to install a Tandem cylinder, as a smaller bore size can be used to generate a greater force ratio.

Tandem cylinders are 2 double acting cylinders, of the same bore size and stroke length, assembled in series to share a common piston rod. 

Air is provided to the ports of each cylinder and, because this acts on both pistons, they produce nearly double the force (thrust) of a single cylinder. 

This can be an advantage when space is restricted, as a smaller bore size can be used but does have the disadvantage of producing a longer cylinder relative to stroke length.

Duplex cylinders

 

Duplex arrangements provide intermediate positioning options that are not possible with a single pneumatic cylinder. When connected back to back as a single unit, Duplex cylinders can double the available force where space is limited.

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Parker Duplex Cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division EuropeTypically, a pneumatic rod type cylinder provides 2 static positions of operation – fully retracted and fully extended, with the distance being governed by the cylinder stroke length.

Being pneumatically operated means the cylinder cannot be stopped mid-stroke to a predetermined position. 

However, if required, pneumatic cylinders can achieve 3 or 4 positions. Duplex cylinders are constructed by using 2 double acting cylinders arranged back to back with separate piston rods, connected by common tie rods or a flange mounted back to back mounting.

Two cylinders installed back to back with the same stroke give a 3 position cylinder with a symmetrical centre position. Whereas different strokes give a 4 position cylinder where the two central positions can be calculated from different stroke lengths.

For a 4 position cylinder (cylinders with differing stroke lengths):

Position 1: Both cylinders A and B are in the retracted stroke positions.

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Position 1 Duplex Cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division Europe

Position 2: Cylinder A is in the extended stroke position and cylinder B remains in the retracted stroke position.

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Position 1 Duplex Cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division Europe

Position 3: Both cylinders A and B are in the extended stroke position.

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Position 1 Duplex Cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division Europe

Position 4: Cylinder A is in the retracted stroke position and cylinder B is in the extended stroke position. 

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Position 1 Duplex Cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division Europe

Learn more

The challenges for pneumatic cylinders are as numerous as the sectors in which they are needed to operate. Downtime costs money and lost production must be avoided for anything other than routine maintenance. Hence careful selection based on operating requirements and prevailing environmental factors must be given proper attention from the outset.

Compare features of Parker pneumatic cylinders to find the best one for your application environment. 

Know Your Pneumatics: Specifying Cylinders for Size Restricted Spaces - Kevin Hill - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division EuropeArticle contributed by Kevin Hill, product manager for Actuators, Pneumatic Division Europe, Parker Hannifin Corporation.  



 

 

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Know Your Pneumatics: Selecting a Pneumatic Cylinder for Operating Environments

Know Your Pneumatics: Rodless Linear Actuators with Integrated Valves

Know Your Pneumatics: Safety & Understanding Rod Locking Cylinders

 

 

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