In most types of surface mining, hydraulically powered heavy
equipment is used to remove the overburden and then to extract the
mineral. Many different types of equipment are used in surface
The European standard EN 45545 was introduced in 2013 with a
transitional period until 2016 and raises the level of
requirements to the previous national standards, which have
now been withdrawn. The...
Selecting the right hose and fitting combination for a hydraulic
system is a critical process that is often overlooked and
underestimated. Choosing the right combination is critical to the
In 2013, a new European Rail Standard (EN45545) was introduced,
requiring the use of certified hoses for rolling-stock vehicles,
but also for rail track machines. As a leading rail track...